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Search Result for Civil Engg.

“design Of Reinforced Earth Retaining Wall”

Taken by :  yogesh patel, prajapati maheshbhai bhikhabhai, prajapati pankajbhai narayanbhai
Guide By: prof. C.N.Patel
Industry Name: radhe builcon.
IDP/UDP Field:
Abstract: Chapter 1 content the summery of report and introduction of reinforced earth retaining wall. Chapter 2 content the component of reinforced earth retaining wall the main component to construct rein forced earth retaining wall are geogrid, panel (or block), etc…Chapter 3 content the construction methodology that how to construct the reinforced earth discrete panel wall Chapter 4 content sampling and testing of fill material and soil and at last Chapter content the design philosophy and design step the whole design will held in next semester. Chapter 5 content design of reinforced earth retaining wall. Traditionally, the reliability of retaining walls is achieved through the use of safety factors or margins and adopting conservative assumption in the process of design, that is, by ascertaining that a minimum supply condition will remain adequate under a maximum demand condition. However that is often defined on the basis of subjective judgments. Such a traditional design methods are difficult to quantify and lack the logical basis of describing uncertainty. Especially, reinforced walls consider not only soil properties but soilreinforcement interaction uncertainties. There has been much emphasis recently the use of probabilistic method in the geotechnical engineering. The most effective applications of probabilistic methods are involving relative probabilities of failure or illuminating the effects of uncertainties in the parameter. This thesis described how probabilistic description of soil parameters and soil-reinforcement interaction parameters were applied to the stability analysis. The first-order, second moment approach was explored and applied to the design of reinforced retaining walls. An example illustrated the relative contribution of uncertainties about different parameters to the reliability of the reinforced retaining walls.

“obstacle Free Access For Traffic At Railway Crossing”

Taken by :  Bavan Jayrajsinh Chandansinh, Suthar Rahul Hargovanbhai, Chaudhari Mukesh Lavjibhai
Guide By: Rajat Mishra
College :  S. P. B. PATEL ENGINEERING COLLEGE, MEHSANA         Branch:  Civil Engg.
Industry Name: R&B
IDP/UDP Field:
Abstract: Although conceptual design is known since decades, there is still limited knowledge on how to apply it, specifically for bridge projects. Most often engineers base their decisions on past experience and standard solutions,, which is probably not always the most effective way to approach different problems. Short-span bridges account for most of the solutions for small river crossings, road intersections and so on. Even though they rely mostly on beam or slab solutions, still the choice of material, shape and other properties is not followed by a structured way of thought but rather on previous experience. Mansarovar rail-road crossing needed a structured procedure for conceptual design. Therefore the purpose of this project was to develop guidelines and a step-by-step procedure, which will support a systematic approach for conceptual design of short-span bridges. In order to achieve this, the most common demands and solutions were identified. Consequently, the link between demands and solutions was searched for, i.e. which solution is appropriate in what situation. The created step-by-step procedure was implemented in Excel toolbox and consists of several modules and is flexible and open for further improvements. This thesis work is based on collected information from literature, continuous interviews with professionals in bridge design, case studies and author’s knowledge. Most of the collected information is from the survey by the consultancy company Navnirman, which slightly limits the reliability of the guidelines and procedure for internal use. Further limitations are the maximum length of 30 meters and focus only on road and railway bridges. The developed guidelines were tested on two case studies, which showed a promising tool that gave reasonable results. The developed approach seems tobe good for preliminary evaluation of appropriate proposals and also acts as supplementary for the designer mainly as a documentation tool that presents the concepts to the client in a structured way. Further improvements can be refining the toolbox data, increasing the span length limitation and implementing pedestrian bridges.

“structural Configuration Optimization Of A Multistorey Building By Optimum Positioning Of Shear Wall”

Taken by :  Mohd Tamim .A. Tanwer, Khokhar Payal R., Bhuva Trupti D., Koradiya Kavita A., Uchdadiya Kartilagauri D., Vegad Mihir N., Vhora Atik A.
Guide By: K.B.Parikh
College :  GOVERNMENT ENGINEERING COLLEGE, SURAT         Branch:  Civil Engg.
Industry Name: sai consltation
IDP/UDP Field:
Abstract: The shear wall is a structural element which is used to resist earthquake forces. These wall will consumptives shear forces & will prevent changing location-position of construction & consequently destruction. On other hand, shear wall arrangement must be absolutely accurate, if not, we will find negative effect instead. For example if the shear walls make an increase distance between mass centre and hardness centre, we cannot expect a good tensional behavior from the structure. In case of mass centre and hardness centre coincide with each other, at that time the distance of shear wall from the mass centre also plays an important role in the shear contribution of the shear wall. The bending moment, shear force, torsion, axial force contribution by rest of the structural element and the ultimate design of all the structural components also affected by that. A study has been carried out to determine the optimum Structural configuration of a multistory building by changing the shear wall locations radically. Four different cases of shear wall position for a 10 storey residential building with keeping zero eccentricity between mass centre and hardness centre have been analyzed and designed as a space frame system by computer application software, subjected to lateral and gravity loading in accordance with IS provisions. Keywords: - Shear walls, Lateral loading, Zero eccentricity, Stresses, Design configuration.

A Conservative Study Of Rooftop Rainwater Harvesting At Saffrony Institute Of Technology

College :  S. P. B. PATEL ENGINEERING COLLEGE, MEHSANA         Branch:  Civil Engg.
IDP/UDP Field:
Abstract: In most of the rural areas, ground water is the major source of drinking water. In earlier days, open wells and ponds that belonged to the community were the source of drinking water supply. With the advent of bore well technology and progress made in rural electrification, the scenario of rural water supply has considerably changed. The traditional methods and practices have given way to hand pumps and power pump schemes. Bore wells are drilled and water from over-head tanks is distributed through supply mains. Statistics reveal that more than 85% of rural water supply is from the ground water sources at present. Indiscriminate exploitation of ground water and the decline in ground water level shave rendered many bore wells dry either seasonally or through-out the year. To overcome such a situation, bore wells and tube wells are now being drilled to greater depths, often tapping ground water from deep aquifers. Discharge of untreated effluents into surface water streams and lakes by industries has resulted not only in contaminating the surface water resources, but also the groundwater bodies. In coastal areas, over exploitation of ground water has resulted in seawater intrusion, rendering ground water sources saline in some areas. Identification and promotion of simple, reliable and environmental friendly technologies for augmentation of ground water resources are necessary to overcome the above problems and to ensure the long-term sustainability of our precious groundwater resources. Reviving the traditional practices of rainwater harvesting along scientific lines can go a long way in preventing a serious water crisis in the major part of our country in the years to come. Mehsana is one of the water scarce cities in Gujarat. Depending on precipitation intensity, rainwater constitutes a potential source of drinking water. Rooftop Rainwater Harvesting is the technology where surface runoff is effectively collected and stored. Harvested rainwater can then be used for drinking or for ground water recharge. Unless a proper water storage method is adopted, the rainwater harvesting may not be effective. This paper deals with a case study of rain water harvesting method adopted at Saffrony Institute of Technology, Mehsana.

Acute Parking Problem Near Vadodara Railway Station

Taken by :  Patel Kenil P, Desai Harsh V, Panchal Piyush B, Modi Aniket J
Guide By: Dr. A.M.Jain
Industry Name: Western Railway
IDP/UDP Field:
Abstract: When one takes a walk alongside the 150 years old Vadodara Railway Station, besides the majestic view of its elevation, one more thing catches our eye, people parking and taking out their vehicles from the most congested place of the planet. This region which has already been congested because of hustle bustle of people becomes more congested on account of these vehicles. Vadodara is poised for rapid economic growth. Development of a city or of a region can only take place if proper atmosphere and infrastructure is made available. We as proud citizens of this city feel that the railway station should be better known as the busiest railway station rather than the most congested parking lot. This Sanskar Nagri needs to be redesigned and replanned to be a more user friendly and eco-friendly city and to cope up with modern urban development. A need has thus arised to redevelop the existing parking facility near Vadodara Railway Station in order to build an everlasting impression on the minds of its users.

Alternatives For Green Concrete

Taken by :  Patel Jignesh Dineshbhai, Patel Hardik Rajendrabhai, Patel Jay Dineshkumar
Guide By: Prof. Yogesh S. Patel
Industry Name: Cube Construction Engineering Ltd.
IDP/UDP Field:
Abstract: Traditional mix concrete is a significant cause of production of GHG (Green House Gases), less in regards to GHG emissions per m³, but in particular in regards to the high quantity produced world-wide. New available technologies allow the use of different types of concrete and advanced ways of production which represent a lesser hazard to the environment. Embracing some of the technologies discussed in this report at either public or private level will result in a considerable reduction of greenhouse emissions and a showcase of best practices. In the life-cycle of concrete there is plenty of room for improvement towards sustainability that starts from sourcing the materials and goes as far as using innovative systems imposing fewer burdens on the environment for the concrete cooling and the usage of renewable energy sources for primary energy consumption. The method of production and extensive usage of concrete on building sites allows achieving a significant number of LEED (Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design) points, to decrease the carbon footprint and to optimize the usage of energy. Concrete remains less harmful than most other common building materials, but as the quantity of concrete used in construction is fairly higher than the quantity used of other building materials, improvement in the concrete production process and its application has a great effect on the total environment burden that arises out of building construction. A combination of different existing green technologies and an optimization on energy consumption hence can make concrete an environmental friendly.

An Alternative Approach To Detailing Of R.c.c Structure

Taken by :  Dhruv A. Patel, Dhruti B. Parekh, Ankit B. Patel, Ankul B. Patel, Apexsa P. Patel
Guide By: Sumant B. Patel
College :  BIRLA VISHVAKARMA MAHA VIDHYALAYA, V. V. NAGAR         Branch:  Civil Engg.
Industry Name: Shyam Developers
IDP/UDP Field:
Abstract: Nowadays readymade rings are available in the market. the use of this readymade stirrups instead of normal stirrups rings may affect the project cost as well as quantity of steel used. For a typical building we compared quantity of steel used and its cost of using readymade rings over conventional stirrups. We found out a minor decrease in quantity of steel to be used. Also we also worked out instead of providing full development length if we used sufficient size of weld the development length may get reduced and reduction in cost and quantity of steel is considerable by providing weld connection. we have also carried out a case study on effect of Ductile detailed building over Non-ductile detailed building. As a UDP, we carried out a case study on E-Tendering. Various benefits and advantages of E-Tendering over conventional paper tendering are discussed. Also the key features of E-Tendering are enlightened.

Analysis Of G+ 10 Storey Building Using Staad Pro. V8i

Taken by :  Desai Ashish Rameshbhai, Jain Sunayana Sampatbhai, Pandya Krupa Jiteshkumar, Patel Yagnesh Narsinhbhai
Guide By: Dr. Niraj Shah
College :  CHAROTAR INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY, CHANGA         Branch:  Civil Engg.
Industry Name: Deep Builders,Ahmedebad
IDP/UDP Field:
Abstract: ABSTRACT As a part of our final year in VII semester, we have Industrial Defined Project for duration, so that we have practical exposure in conjunction with our technical knowledge for better understanding about the Civil Engineering profession. For this practical I had been placed at the “Deep builders” Ahmadabad which is one of the famous leading firm in Structural Design. In this study an attempted has been made for the analysis of eleven-storeyed residential building using STAAD Pro. V8i. The design has been done for the structural elements like slab, beam, column and footing. During this project, we have visited our site near thaltej and obtained the information regarding our site. As our project is based on analysis and design of structural elements, we collect necessary data as plan and detail dimension of structural and non-structural elements. After having the details of necessary data, we proceed further to carry out the analysis of building by modeling the same in STAAD Pro. V8i. After that the analysis is carried out. The analysis result data is taken from STAAD Pro. and the design of Structural elements is done.

Analytical Study Of Effect Of Infill Brick Wall On Seismic Behaviour Of Multistorey Building

IDP/UDP Field:
Abstract: ABSTRACT “Analytical study of effect of infill brick wall on seismic behaviour of multistorey building” Now a days as there is a shortage of land in big cities there for most of the structures specially buildings are vertically expanded. In Ahmedabad generally 10 to 25 storey multistorey buildings are constructed. During past earthquake at bhuj some buildings were callapsed because of improper seismic design of building. For good seismic performance a building should have adequate lateral stiffness. Low lateral stiffness leads to large deformation and strains, damage to nonstructural component, discomfort to occupant. It is general practice that in most of the multistorey building bottom storey is kept open for the parking purpose. These leads to soft storey failure of the building when earthquake comes. So it is advisable to construct infill walls in bottom storey also. In the present work multi-storey buildings will be modeled in ETABS 9.2 software. The buildings will be analyzed by static seismic coefficient method with and without considering stiffness of infill walls. Also different position of the infill wall in bottom storey will be checked. The results in terms of natural period, frequency, storey displacement, storey drift, storey shear, storey moment, storey stiffness, bending moment, shear force and axial force will be compared for all models. Some domestic reinforced concrete buildings had large internal openings or unsymmetrical masses at first or ground floor level. This caused severe structural damage and even collapse. Figure 1 shows a building, which collapsed because part of the floor area was converted to an opening for car parking. The building was subjected to torsion about its centre of rigidity and failed because of soft storey behaviour with large deformations and rotations concentrated at the top of the columns. Under seismic loading, large deformations occurred at the top and bottom of the columns and a soft storey collapse occurred, the upper floor storey falling onto the first storey. This shows that soft storey collapses do not always occur at ground floor. The main objective of the present study is to understand the effect of infill wall in seismic behaviour of multistorey RCC building.

Application Of Chemical Admixture In Slipform Construction

College :  S. P. B. PATEL ENGINEERING COLLEGE, MEHSANA         Branch:  Civil Engg.
IDP/UDP Field:
Abstract: Starting from the beginning of the 20-century, slip-forming is widely used in formwork due to fast concrete work. Slip-forming is one of the potential concrete formwork methods that improves speed and productivity of repetitive vertical concrete work. Typical projects that employ this technique are: silos, core of high-rise buildings, telecommunication towers, cooling towers, heavy concrete offshore platforms, etc. This project aims to find best slip form rate and chemical admixture combination. Laboratory tests and field tests are conducted to find the optimum dosage and rate of setting of concrete in slip form at site condition.

Application Of Rigid Pavement As Against Flexible Pavement And Design Of Rigid Pavement

Industry Name: BSCPLIL
IDP/UDP Field:
Abstract: A rigid pavement system consists of a number of relatively thin Portland cement concrete slabs, finite in length and width, over one or more foundation layers. When a slab-on-grade is subjected to a wheel load, it develops bending stresses and distributes the load over the foundation. However, the response of these ?nite slabs is controlled by joint or edge discontinuities. By their nature, joints are structurally weakening components of the system. Thus, the response and effectiveness of joints are primary concerns in rigid pavement analysis and design. Rigid pavement has the ability to bridge small imperfections in the sub grade. However, if it does fail, the failures take the form of rigid steps in the road grade. Each section "floats" like a boat above the sub grade and tries to level itself rather than maintain the original slope. The main drawback of flexible pavement, particularly in rolling terrain in Dahod district, where large no. of curves exists in road alignment, the flexible pavement tends to wear off fast and creates ruts in the road surface. Thus the flexible road alignment becomes unsafe and uncomfortable for road users. Further flexible pavements high maintenance cost every 5 years for laying renewal coat is a major drawback. Beside this there are some other problems of flexible pavement such as low flexural strength, low life span, less force of friction, Surfacing layer cannot be laid directly on the sub grade but a sub base layer and base layer is needed. Moreover cracks are reflected on new layer from layer below when a new layer is applied over older layer of flexible pavement. The ultimate aim is to ensure that the transmitted stresses due to wheel load are sufficiently reduced, so that they will not exceed bearing capacity of the sub-grade.

Assessment Of Structural And Non-structural Damages Due To Expansive Soil And Remedial Measures

College :  GOVERNMENT ENGINEERING COLLEGE, MODASA         Branch:  Civil Engg.
Industry Name: Tirupati Sarjan Ltd.
IDP/UDP Field:
Abstract: DAMAGE OF STRUCTURE DUE TO EXPANSIVE SOIL:- •Analysis and assessment of expansive soils is of almost importance while founding the structures, as these soils undergo large volumetric changes even due to small fluctuations in water content. •The volumetric changes are very large in magnitude and they are responsible for distress of structures. The amount of damage caused by expansive soils is alarming. •An attempt to study the geotechnical properties of the black cotton soils of Sabarkantha region specially at Modasa Town and to study the type of foundations provided, their stability, failure, possible reasons for failure, restoration work undertaken if any was made. •Here cracks are live and 1/2” wide and 12” deep. •Thorough understanding of engineering properties of soils are essential not only for using current methods in the design of earth structures, but also to provide a key to further progress in the field of geotechnical engineering. REAMEDY MEASURES:- •According to Soil report, soil is medium dense silty clay of medium plasticity (CI). At site, many years ago rock filling has to be done up to 1 metre. So, settlement is large at this region. •Before construction of footing, Soil stabilization, Sand cushion method is to be used. But after completing the whole structures, some special technique is to be used.

Autoclaved Aerated Concrete: An Innovative Alternative To Conventional Brick

Guide By: Dr. H.S.PATEL
College :  L. D. ENGINEERING COLLEGE , AHMEDABAD         Branch:  Civil Engg.
Industry Name: Maruti group of construction
IDP/UDP Field:
Abstract: Why do we need to look at Alternative Green Building materials in today’s context? ‘Sustainability’, ‘Ecology’, ‘Environment’ are the burning concerns of today at the global scenario. The construction industry is one of the biggest industries in the world and contributes to around one tenth of global GDP. The construction sector in India recorded a spectacular growth of 12% in the past half-decade. A good majority of carbon emissions globally are because of the construction industry; clearly it is time to re-look at our conventional methods of building and the conventional materials being used till date. Today one of the most widely used construction material is the conventional clay brick. In this report, we have thrown light on some of the major disadvantages and environmental concerns arising from the extensive use of clay bricks. We have then looked at Autoclaved Aerated Concrete, in the form of AAC blocks and attempted to show how it is a material more eco-friendly, energy-efficient as well as cost effective to both, the end user and the developer, in comparison to conventional clay bricks. We have also prepared a mix design to show how altering the composition slightly can vary the compressive strength of the material. By showing the possibility of increased compressive strength, we are trying to show that these blocks can replace not only bricks in plastered masonry but also the 1st class bricks of exposed brick masonry.

Canal Alignment & Design Using Remote Sensing And Gis

Taken by :  Baleva Khyati N., Patel Doly M., Patel Abhigna J.
Guide By: Patel Yogesh S.
Industry Name: Bisag
IDP/UDP Field:
Abstract: To construct alignment were reduce obstacles.we done alignment of canal from zoz to sureli in panchamahal district and design of unlined canal.

Computer Aided Analysis And Design Of G+10 Residential Building

IDP/UDP Field:
Abstract: The aim of this project is to analyze and design the proposed 10 Storey residential building “R. M. DESTINY” at Valsad using soft ware “BUILD MASTER”. “R.M. DESTINY” is located on the prime location at Valsad. It consists of 3 towers of 10 storey with 2 & 3 BHK apartments, lavish in size and extravagant in style. The analysis and design of the proposed 10 storey building ‘R.M. destiny’ at Valsad is to be carried out using commercially available software Build Master. As both the halves of building are mirror images of each other & separated by a separation joint. Therefore in this study, only one halve of the building/structure is to be analyze and design. The proposed building is consists of reinforced cement concrete frame structure. It is to be constructed with M20 grade of concrete and Thermo mechanically twisted bars of grade Fe415. The safe bearing capacity of soil is to taken as 250 KN/m2. The analysis and design of the building is to be performed considering dead load (IS: 875 Part-1), live load (IS – 875 Part-2), earthquake forces (IS: 1893 – 2002), wind forces (IS: 875 – 1987) and all possible load combination according to IS: 456 – 2000. The Valsad city is located in Zone III of IS: 1893-2000.The basic wind speed at 10 m height for Valsad city according to IS 875 (part 3) is 44 m/s.The complete analysis and design of this study is complete and the results obtained are compared with the work of structural engineer.

Consruction Of Pile Foundation For Industrial Shed

Taken by :  Chaudhari Smit Vatsalbhai, Gandhi Ashay Pareshbhai, Parekh Varunkumar Jagdishbhai
Guide By: Mr. Vimlesh Agrawal
Industry Name: Nilam Engg Construction
IDP/UDP Field:
Abstract: The development of industry in India increase day to day. So there for the any type of industry the construction of good quality industrial shed is necessity. The foundation is important part of all construction projects. And the type of foundation is also play very important part. Improper designing of foundation & poor quality of construction work used in foundation can cause a lot of damage. A Civil Engineering project located in such area where the bearing capacity of soil is very low or where the black cotton soil is found the great care is to be taken at the time of design of foundation & construction. There are many type of foundation for the special type of soil characteristics. But for particularly the black cotton soil up to 1.5 m depth we selected pile foundation in industrial shed of “NEEMA ENGEENIRING” at MANJUSAR GIDC, VADODARA. The pile foundation is the type of deep foundation generally used whereas the soil bearing capacity is very low and the load acting on foundation is very high. The pile design is based on the soil characteristic, axial forces, lateral forces, and moment acting on it and the purpose for which it is provided. Piles are generally provided in the group of two, three or four piles based on the requirement. It is necessary to provide pile cap for the pile group to equally distribute load on pile. The selection of suitable foundation for the particular soil is important part of planning of construction process. In this project we have taken the problem of industrial shed foundation construction which is generally constructed with footing type of foundation. But in our case due to the presence of black cotton soil, pile foundation is provided. For the design of pile foundation analysis of axial loads, lateral loads, and bending moments acting on foundation is calculated. Based on this calculation, the pile foundation is designed. The process of construction of pile foundation is also mention in our project.

Construction Of Agricultural Product Market Building

Guide By: Prof. S. C. Rathod
College :  GOVERNMENT ENGINEERING COLLEGE, BHUJ         Branch:  Civil Engg.
IDP/UDP Field:
Abstract: To study about the designing and construction process of agricultural product market buildings from start till the end and to pick out the various problems faced and to find out the maximum possible solutions. This project merely deals with the problems or issues faced during the construction phase of any project. For getting help in this project, our team is also getting help from the construction of the “Agricultural Product Market” of the company “CUBE CONSTRUCTIONS” on weekends. There are some difficulties faced by this project. Our main goal is to suggest some feasible solutions of this ‘usually faced’ problem to the construction industries which can help them in future endeavors. We have tried our best to give ideal and economical solution for these problems.

Construction Of Multistorey (g+5) Residential Building

Taken by :  bhanderi krunal dilipbhai, savariya prayag rameshbhai, Vidja Yogeshkumar K
Guide By: D.P.Majethiya
College :  L. E. COLLEGE , MORBI         Branch:  Civil Engg.
IDP/UDP Field:
Abstract: • This is study which is intended to get practical experience on site in a responsible to know the construction method, technique, equipments in different stages of execution. • In connection with the study part, we have done during academic carrier in engineering branch, we have studied the practical execution of different construction works such as reinforcement, brick masonry, shuttering, formwork, scaffolding, plumbing, electric supply, water supply management. • Our project is concerned with construction of 10 nos. of (G+5) residential building consisting of 200 separate residential units. • Total 10 blocks named A&B, C, D&E, F&G, H, I&J. construction of the block A&B , C , D&E are almost complete. The foundation of block F&G is completed up to plinth level.

Construction Project Management Of Various Construction Activity Of Girls Hostel-3 At Charusat Campus Using Ms Project

Taken by :  shaikh mohammad adnan mujakkirali, padmani hardikkumar bhaylalbhai, sagarkumar bharatbhai chodvadia, digvijaysinh jashwantsinh mahida
Guide By: Mohini R Khatri
College :  CHAROTAR INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY, CHANGA         Branch:  Civil Engg.
Industry Name: jagaji construction
IDP/UDP Field:
Abstract: The survey of ECC girl’s hostel-3 is carried out using total station and reduced level of girls hostel 3 is calculated up to floor finish. The site investigation in done and the safe bearing capacity of soil including settlements and shear failure criteria is calculated and appropriate depth of foundation is decided. The construction management of site is carried out in total three phases i.e., Project planning, Project scheduling and Project controlling. Activities and events are listed. The time duration and number of labor/masons required for each and every activity is assigned in MS-project software and Gantt bar chart, network diagramme and work breakdown structure is obtained. The construction activities were completed as per estimated time on the site and it was practically verified using the MS-Project software. Chapter 1 briefly describes the introduction of the site with its location and soil investigation report including soil bearing capacity and shear failure settlements. Chapter 2 gives the brief history of the project which is carried out starting from survey till management and planning of ongoing activities of site. Chapter 3 illuminates the research and abstract on construction management in form of literature survey. Chapter 4 describes the method of planning including brief introduction of network methods i.e., PERT and CPM. Gantt bar chart, milestone chart with the details of activities and events and their inter relationships. Chapter 5 briefly introduce about learning of MS-project as basic requirement of the project. Chapter 6 gives the information about the project planning and scheduling and input data required in the software MS-Project. Chapter 7 briefly describe about the results obtained from the software Ms-Project in form of Gantt bar chart, network diagram, cost model sheet, budget report and recourse sheet. Chapter 8 gives the conclusion of the project.

Cost Reduction Of Building By Applying Low Cost Housing Concepts.

Taken by :  Bhavya Umeshkumar Shah
Guide By: Mr. rajat Mishra
College :  S. P. B. PATEL ENGINEERING COLLEGE, MEHSANA         Branch:  Civil Engg.
Industry Name: Ahmedabad Urban Development Authority
IDP/UDP Field:
Abstract: In this study we have attempted to define Low Cost Housing by using three key parameters viz. income level, size of dwelling unit and affordability. Low cost housing projects are characterized by an increasing demand mainly due to urbanization. The approaches for low cost housing consist of reduction in cost of labour, using cost effective material, using new and improved technology, thus reducing overall construction cost. In the present study material based approach is adopted to bring out cost effective housing. Low cost housing projects are closely related to urbanization, natural population growth, and the economical, financial and political situation.

Total : 459

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